Acupuncture has two main theories describing how and why acupuncture works. With the current advancements in science in the fields of biophysics,  biochemistry, and physiology we are now able to understand the complex mechanisms of acupuncture.

Neural Theory:

Insertion of needles stimulates the nervous system releasing  chemicals to either alleviate pain or affect the body’s internal  regulating systems. It stimulates nerve fibers to carry electrical impulses back to the brain increasing beta endorphin concentrations.

Electrical Theory: Research has shown that there is a higher electrical magnetic field around the acupuncture points than in the surrounding skin.

Current Theory:

Research has found that needle insertion activates pain fibers in the  skin. These pain fibers trigger a cascade of chemical messengers, while  sending signals to the spinal cord which relays information to the  brain stem. Acupuncture can be seen as a bridge that is able to affect  and integrate different systems of the body, such as the nervous,  endocrine, circulatory, muscular and digestive. Because of these broad  effects, needling can create profound changes in the body.

Effects of needling:

  • Pain reduction via inhibition of nociceptive fibers
  • Activation of blood coagulation and immune complement systems
  • Enhances blood circulation
  • Restores visceral homeostasis
  • Normalization of vascular tone
  • Reduces contraction and spasm of the muscles
  • Promotes tissue healing (immune response)
  • Normalization of endocrine function (Hypothalamus, Pituitary, LH, FSH Adrenal, Ovary, Thyroid)
  • Normalization of neurotransmitters (dopamine, serotonin, adrenaline)
  • Normalization of sympathetic nervous system (fight or flight)
  • Normalization of parasympathetic nervous system